Are you a working Indian citizen? Do you pay rent? Are you given a house rental allowance from your place of work? If yes, this article can help you acquire knowledge on how the rent receipts for the rent paid can help you claim the benefits of HRA tax exemption.
A house rent allowance (HRA) is mostly a part of your salary package and to enjoy the benefits, you will be expected to submit rent receipts that work as proof of the expense and to claim the tax deductions allowed to tenants under the Income Tax (IT) law in India.
To help you, we have curated this article that includes all the necessary information about the house rent allowance, the various components of a rent receipt, and the process to help generate them online.
What Are Rent Receipts With Revenue Stamp And Why Are They Needed?
Under the rental arrangement, a tenant will have to provide any proof of the amount paid to the landlord to claim tax benefits. For this very reason, the tenant needs to show rent receipts that act as documentary proof that you have spent from the salary and to bear the living expenses in rental accommodation.
Why Are They Needed?
For claiming HRA exemption, you will have to provide rent receipts to your employer as legal proof every financial year to calculate the tax liability and claim deductions, only if HRA is part of your salary package. Remember, you’ll have to submit the rent receipts before the end of the financial year even if you choose to pay the house rent using a credit card or any online money transfer channels.
There is no other way to claim HRA exemption other than by sharing the rent receipts with his employer if he pays a monthly rent in the excess of Rs 3,000. On the other hand, if it’s a lower monthly rent, you need not submit any rent receipts or submit the rent agreement to claim HRA exemption as it isn’t stated by the tax law specifically.
Note – Until the rent agreement isn’t signed and executed between the tenant and landlord, the tenancy of the employee isn’t valid.
What Does House Rent Allowance HRA Mean?
House Rent Allowance or HRA is a tax concession that is given to the employees for accommodation, every year. To get HRA from your employer your salary will only include the basic salary and the dearness allowance (DA) component.
As per the Rule 2A of the IT Act 1962, the house rent allowance HRA can be claimed as the minimum HRA received from the employer, 50% of the salary for those living in metros, or actual rent paid minus 10% of the salary.
To Help You Understand Better, Here Is A Calculation Example of The HRA Tax Exemption:
Sam has a basic salary of Rs 30,000 per month and he pays around Rs 10,000 per month for the rent in Mumbai. Now, the employer offers an HRA of Rs 15,000 per month. Therefore, the benefit of HRA exemption will then be;
HRA = Rs 15,000
Rent paid (less than 10% of the basic salary) = Rs 10,000 – 3,000 = Rs 7,000
The 50% of basic = Rs 15,000
That means, the HRA will be Rs 7,000 and the remaining Rs 8,000 is taxable
Speaking Of Which, Who Can Claim For HRA/House Rent Allowance?
Under Section 10 (13A) of the IT Act, the employees who are living in rented accommodations have the right to avail of the HRA exemptions to save tax. As for the self-employed professionals, they are offered HRA tax deduction under Section 80GG of the law.
Rent Receipts - Components Of A Rent Receipt With Revenue Stamp
A rent receipt must include the following information:
- The name of the tenant
- Name of the landlord
- The property’s address
- The rent amount
- Rent period
- Medium of rent payment – cash, cheque, online
- Landlord’s signature
- Tenant’s signature
- Revenue stamp if cash payment exceeds Rs 5,000 per receipt
- PAN details of the landlord if the annual rent exceeds Rs 1 lakh or Rs 8,300 monthly
What Are the Steps To Generate House Rent Allowance Rent Receipt With Stamp Duty, PDF - Online?
Here are the steps to help generate online rent receipts using various platforms for free:
- Visit the online website
- Click on the ‘rent receipt generator’ tab
- Now, enter the name of the tenant and the rent amount and hit ‘continue’
- Enter the landlord’s name, full address of the rented property, PAN details (optional), and hit on the ‘continue’ button
- Fill in the required period to generate rent receipts and click on ‘continue’
- Once you complete the above, a preview of the rent receipts will be viewed on the screen, ensure that the detail is accurate
- Now, hit the ‘print’ button and get a copy of the rent receipts with revenue stamp, PDF to your device.
To Conclude: Key Points On House Rent Receipt And HRA Benefits
1) You Must Be A Rent-Paying Tenant
Remember, you must not be an owner or even a co-owner of the property you are paying rent and claiming HRA. However, even if you are staying with your parents but are paying rent, you can claim HRA benefits, and the same is reflected in their salary.
2) Relevant Period Covered
If you are trying to calculate the extent of the HRA exemption, then your salary will only be considered for the period you paid the rent. Here, there will be no HRA tax benefit if the rent paid does not exceed over 10% of the salary for the relevant period.
3) Mandatory Submission of Rent Receipt For HRA Claim
You don’t need to submit rent receipts for every month you can do so on a quarterly, half-yearly, or annual basis too. Nonetheless, make sure you submit the receipts for the months you plan to claim HRA.
4) Mode Of Rent Payment
You can pay the rent through any medium of your choice as there are no specifications on rent payments so far. All you need to do is collect the rent receipt from the landlord and submit the rent receipts to the employer.
5) Affixation Of Rent Receipts With Revenue Stamp
The tenant needs to affix a revenue stamp on every rent receipt if paid more than Rs 5,000 per receipt, unlike if paid using a cheque.
6) PAN details of the landlord
You would also be asked to provide a copy of the PAN details of your landlords while filing the returns. This is mandatory, only when the annual rent amount exceeds Rs 1 lakh and/or Rs 8,300 monthly. If you fail to do so, you won’t be able to claim HRA in addition to the tax deduction.
7) Shared Accommodation
If you are sharing a property with another tenant bearing the rental expenses, the HRA deduction will then only be provided to the extent of your share in the rent and not the entire rent amount.
8) Proofs – Soft copies or hard proof
In most cases, employers only ask for soft copies of the rent, however, there are a few who might insist on actual receipts. So, make sure you confirm the same before proceeding with the submission of the rent receipts.
9) Misinformation = Cancellation
If there is any faulty information on the rent receipt, the amount would be null and void.
10) Direct HRA claim
You can easily claim for HRA from the IT department at the time of filing the IT returns, in case the employer fails to do so.