How to Start Terrace Gardening in Bangalore?

Terrace Gardening

Terrace gardening in Bangalore, India may be a new concept, but it is for sure a much-loved concept especially in the metropolitan cities and is here to stay. Bangalore amongst other Indian metropolitan cities is loving the concept of terrace gardening owing to the lack of free land space and major urbanization. If you are a Bangalorean who is fed up with staying monotonous indoors while you work from home, terrace gardens are not a bad idea to amp up your space. Here’s everything you need to know about starting your own terrace garden in Bangalore.

First Things First: What Is A Terrace Garden?

Terrace Garden

A terrace garden, or a balcony garden, just as the name rightfully suggests, is a kitchen garden that you grow on your terrace, roof, or balcony of the house. such a garden would not obviously be as large, natural, or expansive as a regular backyard garden and hence, also comes with several limitations in terms of what plants can be grown.

Terrace gardening in Bangalore, however, can be done in almost any or every building; be it a residential dwelling or commercial centers like factories or office spaces. The only essential prerequisite, however, is to ensure that you carry out the waterproofing on the roof. Though it may sound rather complex and tedious a job to do, one does not need to have solid gardening or agricultural knowledge to start a terrace garden in their home. All you need is the will to create a green space and the persistent patience to take care of the space created.

How Much Does It Cost To Set Up A Terrace Garden In Bengaluru?

The cost to establish a basic roof-top garden of 30ft x 40ft in Bengaluru can cost anywhere between Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 12,000. An organic terrace garden if this measurement, if well maintained and catered to, can easily yield a produce of 25 kg to 50 kg per year.

Is Bangalore A Good City To Make A Terrace Garden?

Not only is Bangalore a good but in fact one of the best cities in India for terrace gardening. Here’s why-

Favorable climatic conditions: Bengaluru, for the most part of the year, experiences a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons, owing to the high elevation from the sea level. The minimum temperature goes down to 15, while the maximum records at 35. This allows most plants to grow in Bengaluru and some particular plants, in fact, thrive exceedingly well, which we will talk about later.

Favorable soil composition: Bengaluru’s soil types range from Red Laterite to Red, fine loamy, and clayey. Both these red soils are rich in iron and favorable for a lot of plant growth like Bengal gram, green gram, groundnut, and castor seeds. With a couple of additional elements, this soil works great for growing vegetables or fruits for a terrace or balcony garden.

Why Should You Consider Making A Terrace Garden In Your Home?

A terrace garden, apart from the aesthetic appeal of it, offers a lot of monetary and health benefits which makes it a must-have, especially in today’s majorly concrete, natural-air-depleted world. here are some solid reasons for considering building yourself a balcony or terrace garden in a metropolitan like Bengaluru-

  1. Regulates the home temperature and make the house cooler
  2. Fresh produce of fruits and vegetables at home for daily use
  3. Helps reduce air pollution
  4. Could help in rainwater harvesting
  5. Helps save a lot of money otherwise spent on potentially pesticide-laden produce from the market
  6. A balcony or terrace garden at home is as close as it gets to coexisting with nature while adding an aesthetic appeal to the home

What Can I Grow In My Balcony/Terrace Garden In Bengaluru?

As many as 6 vegetables per season can be grown by terrace gardening per season. Now, given that just 1 sq.m. of a terrace or balcony garden area can yield 25 kg to 50 kg in a year, you can basically grow a lot in your terrace garden- even in a metropolitan like Bengaluru!

Here are some particularly favorable fruits, vegetables, flowers, and herbs you can grow in your terrace garden in Bengaluru listed below.

1. Vegetables To Grow In A Terrace Garden In Bengaluru

Vegetables To Grow In A Terrace Garden In Bengaluru
  • Beans
  • Beetroot
  • Carrot
  • Capsicum
  • Potato
  • Chilli
  • Ladies Finger
  • Bottle Gourd
  • Onion
  • Cucumber
  • Bitter Melon
  • Spinach
  • Lettuce
  • Peas
  • Eggplant

2. Herbs To Grow In A Terrace Garden In Bengaluru

Herbs To Grow In A Terrace Garden
  • Curry leaves
  • Coriander
  • Basil
  • Rosemary
  • Dill
  • Parsley
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Lemongrass
  • Holy basil
  • Black pepper
  • Thyme
  • Carom
  • Saffron
  • Indian sorrel
  • Mint
  • Turmeric

3. Fruits To Grow In A Terrace Garden In Bengaluru

Fruits To Grow In A Terrace Garde
  • Tomato
  • Pineapple
  • Banana
  • Fig
  • Watermelon
  • Currant
  • Gooseberry
  • Strawberry
  • Blueberry
  • Passion fruit
  • Cantaloupe (sweet melon)

4. Flowers To Grow In A Terrace Garden In Bengaluru

Flowers To Grow In A Terrace Garden
  • Lobelia
  • Fuchsia
  • Pansy
  • Impatiens (touch me not)
  • Lobelia
  • Begonia
  • Dianthus
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Zinnia

Beginner Terrace Gardening Tips: Starting Your Own Terrace Garden In Bengaluru?

Here are a few basic requirements in order to get started on terrace gardening in Bengaluru-

  1. Find a patch of land on the roof-top or in your balcony that gets sunlight but also has some shaded area. A shade net in Bengaluru that experiences a tropical climate for the most part of the year is highly recommended.
  2. The spot in question should also have easy and enough access to water.
  3. You’ll need a couple of gardening tools like gloves, spades, wedges, shovels, and hedge shears. These will help you correctly mix soil, trim/ prune, cut leaves, and eventually harvest the produce.
  4. Do thorough thinking-through research on not only which plants but which container do you want to grow your plants in. Always buy pots that can contain the roots of the plants and not restrict the growth. For example, you will need a large container of at least 2x2x1 ft for climbers, whereas, perennial plants like papaya and banana will need a deep container of at least 5-6 ft. for optimal growth.

How Do I Start A Terrace Garden?

Once you get yourself the aforesaid equipment of sorts, you are pretty much halfway on to building your own little terrace garden. Here’s what to do next-

Plan it out: It is never recommended to randomly visit a nursery for buying saplings/ seeds. Nurseries usually have so much to offer, it could become overwhelming even before you’d realize it. Plan in advance the kind of fruits/plants/veggies/herbs you want to grow based on the size of the garden and pick just that.

Prepare yourself to deal with bugs: Multiple pests, insects, and birds will also want to be a part of your growing garden; be prepared to deal appropriately with the invaders.

Keep room for dead plants: Not all plants will thrive. You could over-water, over-manure, or just over-expose the plant to sunlight which will eventually kill them. While that is not a great feeling to have, understand that it is okay and you can always learn from the experience.

Be patient! As much as we’d all like it to, plants do not grow in days and you will need to be patient to bear the fruits. Do not lose your patience and do not interfere with the growth process trying to figure out how far the growth has reached. Just keep watering as required for the plant in question and keep calm!

Learn, learn, learn: While you begin growing your garden, try to gather as much information as you can around how to grow the plants and how to take care of them. All plants have different needs and hence, all will need to also be catered to differently.

Final Thoughts: How To Get Rid Of Bugs In My Terrace Garden?

Speaking of a balcony or terrace garden in a tropical city like Bengaluru, one cannot avoid or ignore that the garden will inevitably attract a lot of bugs and insects, potentially harmful to the growth of the plants. Birds like pigeons are also very common to visit houses in Bengaluru and to cause disruption. While insects, bugs, pests, and birds cannot be blamed, a few steps can be taken to keep them at bay-

Organic pesticides: The keyword here being ‘organic,’ organic pesticides are your best bet to keep the uninvited guests away as they neither harm the plants and nor the intruders. Any organic pesticide would have neem, salt spray, mineral oils, citrus oil, cayenne pepper, orange citrus oil, eucalyptus oil, onion and garlic spray, or tobacco spray in combination or stand-alone would be a good choice.

Wire mesh: While organic pesticides will protect your garden from bugs and insects, a wire mesh or a garden shade will work best to keep animals like cats and birds like pigeons stay away from your produce.

Now that you’re mostly equipped with all the knowledge you’d need to start building your terrace garden in Bengaluru, are you set to dirty your hands? let us know your experience in the comment section below!

FAQs: How To Start Terrace Gardening In Bangalore!

1. How can I grow vegetables at home in Bangalore?

Growing vegetables is very easy in your own little terrace or balcony garden in Bengaluru. you will need to make sure that your vegetable seeds or saplings are covered with loose soil and that the soil is not tightly packed which is moist at all times. This will make sure that the water gently and equally seeps in to nourish the seeds/ saplings. Also, make sure that the veggie seeds or saplings get enough direct sunlight for at least 5-7 hours each day, are suitable for. your region and are transferred into a bigger pot as they grow. Multiple vegetables including spinach, cucumber, lettuce, chili, brinjal, okra, etc. are suitable for Bangalore.

2. What vegetables grow the quickest in Bangalore?

Chilli, cucumber, tomatoes, and radish are some of the fastest-growing vegetables for a balcony or terrace garden in Bengaluru, all growing under 30 days from sowing to harvest.

3. Which soil is best for a balcony or terrace garden in Bengaluru?

Though Bengaluru's red soil in itself is considered very good for plants like Bengal gram, compost coir peat, and vermicompost in equal quantities work exceptionally best for growing plants, fruits, and veggies in a balcony or terrace garden. It should be noted that one will need to add regular manure/ compost, especially after heavy rainfalls (as rainfalls wash away the natural soil ingredients), to the soil for attaining good produce.
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