In simple words, Zoning is referred to as the division of the types of land that are a massive land bank based on different purposes. This is done to ensure the multi-faceted development of a township or a city. Nevertheless, if you are wondering about the zoning laws, the types of zoning, the highlights, colors that can be used, etc, then you’ve arrived at the right place. We will help you find answers to all these questions here, so sit back and continue reading!
Generally, in most cases, the development authority under the zoning laws can take charge of the urban planning and also takes cognizance of the land bank, ensuring the development all around the area. After which, the authority creates the different zones, that is to divide the land on the basis of its usage and purpose. This entire process of dividing the land bank based on the purpose of the use is called zoning.
Let’s understand the term a step further with the help of this article;
What Is Zoning ?
As mentioned in the earlier section, zoning is the process of dividing a vast land bank between different purposes to make it multi-faceted and boosts the development of a township or a city.
Here, as we can understand, each zone has its own specific purpose to serve, for instance, residential, industrial, commercial, etc. This process is mostly used by the local authorities in order to control the construction and development of the real estate, especially in a specific area. Adding on, to regulate the construction, the law can be drafted with specifications for construction and usage in that specific zone. For example – a commercial activity or construction may be prohibited in a residential zone.
Types of Businesses In Zones of the Real Estate
Here are the various types of zones, assigned by the local authority:
- Residential for housing
- Commercial for offices
- Retail for malls or high-street complexes
- Agricultural for farming
- Public and semi-public for infrastructure development
- Utilities and services for installing basic facilities
- Industrial for heavy industries, factories, and manufacturing units
- Parks and playground for green open spaces
Mixed land use for urbanized development
The Importance of The Types of Zoning
Now that we understand the use of zoning in residential neighborhoods of real estate, let us go an inch further to learn of its highlights:
- Use Zoning to ensure that lands are visibly demarcated based on the purpose of the land using zoning codes
- The process of zoning is essential to stop reckless and unregulated construction of a property that is not conducive to the specific zone
- The intact zoning segregation makes sure that the land is being used for specific purposes, as when prescribed during zoning and not for a different one.
The Zoning Colors
As for the development authorities, they make use of the land maps in order to notify the zone and usage pattern. These are marked using colors on the maps for graphically displaying land uses, roads, public infrastructure, and community facilities.
Here’s a tabular explanation of what these colors actually meant:
Significance of the Colors on the Zoning Map
Main or mixed residential use of land
For mixed industrial use and essential services like stores, clinics, and around 33% of commercial activity
Just like the color, significance of greenery or agricultural land. Shades to differentiate between valleys, forests, ponds, etc
Public and semi-public use of area like garden, worship places, etc
Commercial purpose like central business, offices, etc
Retail purpose like malls, hotels, cinema, etc
Individual purpose and establishment
To Conclude: The Importance of Land Zoning in India
As for the Indian civic authorities, they are making use of the Euclidean-based zoning, that is, classifying the land use based on the geographical area. The type of classifications includes residential, multi-family, single-family, or commercial.
However, with the shrinking of the land, zoning is done using a more integrated approach. For instance – the use of a mixed residential zone that allows what was allowed in primarily residential zones, like banks, restaurants, shops, bakeries, etc. On the other hand, the commercial land use zone allows all in the primary residential and mixed residential zones.