What Are The Different Types Of Zoning In Real Estate?


In simple words, Zoning is referred to as the division of the types of land that are a massive land bank based on different purposes. This is done to ensure the multi-faceted development of a township or a city. Nevertheless, if you are wondering about the zoning laws, the types of zoning, the highlights, colors that can be used, etc, then you’ve arrived at the right place. We will help you find answers to all these questions here, so sit back and continue reading!

Generally, in most cases, the development authority under the zoning laws can take charge of the urban planning and also takes cognizance of the land bank, ensuring the development all around the area. After which, the authority creates the different zones, that is to divide the land on the basis of its usage and purpose. This entire process of dividing the land bank based on the purpose of the use is called zoning.

Let’s understand the term a step further with the help of this article;

What Is Zoning ?

What Are The Different Types Of Zoning In Real Estate? 1

As mentioned in the earlier section, zoning is the process of dividing a vast land bank between different purposes to make it multi-faceted and boosts the development of a township or a city.

Here, as we can understand, each zone has its own specific purpose to serve, for instance, residential, industrial, commercial, etc. This process is mostly used by the local authorities in order to control the construction and development of the real estate, especially in a specific area. Adding on, to regulate the construction, the law can be drafted with specifications for construction and usage in that specific zone. For example –  a commercial activity or construction may be prohibited in a residential zone.

Types of Businesses In Zones of the Real Estate

What Are The Different Types Of Zoning In Real Estate? 2

Here are the various types of zones, assigned by the local authority:

  • Residential for housing
  • Commercial for offices
  • Retail for malls or high-street complexes
  • Agricultural for farming
  • Public and semi-public for infrastructure development
  • Utilities and services for installing basic facilities
  • Industrial for heavy industries, factories, and manufacturing units
  • Parks and playground for green open spaces

Mixed land use for urbanized development

The Importance of The Types of Zoning

Now that we understand the use of zoning in residential neighborhoods of real estate, let us go an inch further to learn of its highlights:

  • Use Zoning to ensure that lands are visibly demarcated based on the purpose of the land using zoning codes
  • The process of zoning is essential to stop reckless and unregulated construction of a property that is not conducive to the specific zone
  • The intact zoning segregation makes sure that the land is being used for specific purposes, as when prescribed during zoning and not for a different one.

The Zoning Colors

What Are The Different Types Of Zoning In Real Estate? 3

As for the development authorities, they make use of the land maps in order to notify the zone and usage pattern. These are marked using colors on the maps for graphically displaying land uses, roads, public infrastructure, and community facilities.

Here’s a tabular explanation of what these colors actually meant:


Significance of the Colors on the Zoning Map

Light yellow

Main or mixed residential use of land

Dark yellow

For mixed industrial use and essential services like stores, clinics, and around 33% of commercial activity


Just like the color, significance of greenery or agricultural land. Shades to differentiate between valleys, forests, ponds, etc


Public and semi-public use of area like garden, worship places, etc

Light blue

Commercial purpose like central business, offices, etc

Dark blue

Retail purpose like malls, hotels, cinema, etc

Light violet

Individual purpose and establishment

Dark violet

High-tech industries


Heavy industries

To Conclude: The Importance of Land Zoning in India

As for the Indian civic authorities, they are making use of the Euclidean-based zoning, that is, classifying the land use based on the geographical area. The type of classifications includes residential, multi-family, single-family, or commercial.

However, with the shrinking of the land, zoning is done using a more integrated approach. For instance – the use of a mixed residential zone that allows what was allowed in primarily residential zones, like banks, restaurants, shops, bakeries, etc. On the other hand, the commercial land use zone allows all in the primary residential and mixed residential zones.

FAQs:What Are The Different Types Of Zoning In The Real Estate ?

1) What are the various types of zoning in real estate ?

Listed below are the various types of zoning in real estate:
  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Industrial
  • Mixed-use Agricultural, etc
  • 2) What is real estate zoning ?

    Zoning, according to the zoning laws, refers to the division of the types of land that are a massive land bank based on different purposes. These help guide on how property can and cannot be used in certain geographic areas.

    3) What is the role of zoning ?

    The role of zoning is to make sure that the authorities control and regulate the use of land in the right manner.

    4) Why is zoning important in real estate ?

    The zoning ordinances and land use regulations help preserve the value of the property. Not only that, but it also promotes commercial success and ensures that the communities are safe since it happens to have a direct impact on people.

    5) What is zoning in tourism ?

    Zoning is a mechanism for assigning the overall management priorities and objectives to different areas or zones within the site or protected area. However, the decision to guide the public or tourists using sustainable tourism principles is a type of policy decision that affects zoning.

    6) How is zoning done in real estate ?

    Zoning in real estate is done by making use of a structure that is similar to that of a computer file system. Here, a zone is equivalent to a folder or directory that can be either hard or soft. As for hard zoning, each device is strategically assigned to a particular zone, and the assignment is not prone to change.
    Property Geek

    Property Geek

    Share now!

    Share on facebook
    Share on twitter
    Share on linkedin
    Here's more to look into!

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published.