Every household should have a collection of hand tools to aid in the completion of basic home chores. With these instruments, including various types of electrical power tools as well as various types of portable power tools, performing various tasks around the house, such as repairs in your homestead, becomes much easier. Apart from that, you can also carry out DIY (do-it-yourself) projects for home decor and gifts.
Having the correct equipment relieves the stress of having to hire someone to come out and fix your house, and you won’t have to rely on your neighbors every time you need anything. So here’s everything you need to know about the types of power tools that every household must have!
What Is A Power Tool ?
A power tool is one that is activated by a particular mechanism and uses a power source other than physical labor, as is the case with hand tools. Electric motors are used in the majority of power tools.
Power tools can either be classified as electrical power tools or portable. Let’s look at a few examples of power tools:
Types Of Electrical Power Tools
Electrical power tools are the term for stationary power tools used in metalworking. The term electrical power tool is not commonly applied to stationary power tools for woodworking only. In certain circumstances, such as bench grinders and drill presses, the same equipment is used for both woodworking and metalworking.
Types Of Portable Power Tools
The mobility benefits of portable power tools are undeniable. Whether you enjoy working with machines or require them for a DIY project around the house, you will almost certainly grab portable power tools and get to work.
This will include heat guns, power drills, nail guns, and others.
Types Of Power Tools
Now that we know the basics of the tools, let’s understand the different types of power tools. For ease of comprehension, we’ve divided the types of power tools into two categories:
A. Types Of Electrical Power Tools
B. Types Of Portable Power Tools
A. Types Of Electrical Power Tools
Some of the most common types of electrical power tools are:
- Impact wrench
- Power drills
- Power Ratchet Set
- Power sander
- Power saw
1. Impact Wrench
The impact wrench produces a large amount of torque and works on the principle of compressed air. Similar to traditional wrenches, an impact wrench is used to loosen bolts on trucks and other vehicles.
They are also called air wrenches, air guns, and impactors, and are also available in hydraulic and electric variants.
Precaution: Impact wrenches produce a loud, whirring noise. It is advisable to use them while wearing hearing protection.
A lathe is one of the most popular and common types of power tools. It is generally used for shaping a wide range of materials, including wood and metal. The lathe machine consists of a rotary motor. This motor spins the workpiece against the cutting tool.
The lathe can carry out the following functions:
The lathe is a must-have power tool for watchmakers, designers, metalworkers as well as potters.
3. Power Drills
One of the most important types of electrical power tools is the power drill. A drilling machine is used for a range of activities like boring a hole in a wall, attaching screws in solid space, and so on. It may be operated manually as well as electrically.
There are mainly two types of power drills, namely:
- Impact driver
- Hammer drill
An impact driver is a compact and lightweight drill, which aids in the loosening of nuts and screws. The impact driver is best suited for anyone who needs a powerful, full-throttled force. On the other hand, the hammer drill allows you to punch holes with more precision and force.
4. Power Ratchet Set
A manual ratchet is a type of wrench that includes a fastening. Similar to a manual ratchet, a power ratchet wrench is a useful tool for tightening or loosening bolts and nuts.
These days, most power ratchet sets are battery-operated (cordless).
5. Power Sander
Sanding is an important part of woodworking. Why? Because it eliminates dents, mill marks, and other faults. This is accomplished with a variety of sanders, the most helpful and biggest of which is a belt sander.
It comes with sandpapers, two cylinders, and an electric motor to aid in the trimming and polishing of wooden things. They may also be used to smooth down uneven surfaces, level out things, and shape them.
6. Power Saw
The last one on our list of the types of electrical power tools is a power saw. A power saw is a tool with a strong toothed edge that consists of a durable blade, wire, or chain, that runs on a motor. It is used to cut or sever material, most commonly wood, but also metal and stone.
The cut is accomplished by pressing the toothed edge on the material and running it along the lines you want it to cut in.
The power saw, which comes in a variety of models, is one of the most common types of power tools:
- Circular saw (more on Types Of Portable Power Tools)
- Jigsaw (more on Types Of Portable Power Tools)
- Miter saw
- Table saw
- Scroll saw
- Reciprocating Saw
Now that we have a good understanding of the 6 types of electrical power tools, let’s now delve into the types of portable power tools.
Types Of Portable Power Tools
Some of the most common types of portable power tools are:
- Circular Saw
- Head guns
- Nail gun
- Side grinder
- Wall Chaser
1. Circular Saw
Circular saws are distinguished by an abrasive, sharp disc or blade that rotates to cut material. These saws can cut through any material, including wood, plastic, brick, and metal. They are also available in a variety of configurations, including portable, wireless, wired, and hand-held.
They are best suited for straight cuts and accomplish the task more correctly and efficiently than any other power instrument.
2. Heat Guns
Heat guns, as the name implies, are portable tools that create hot air for a number of activities. Heat guns are used to
- Bend hard plastic
- Defrost frozen pipes
- Shrink materials such as tubing, dry wood, or film
- Remove old paint
These types of power tools require power to generate heat. The temperature of hot air ranges from 100 to 550℃. A nozzle directs heat at the object, which is then distributed about by an electric fan.
A jigsaw, often known as a “bayonet saw,” is the most powerful power instrument for cutting materials into a variety of forms. A saw blade and an electric motor are used to power this portable power tool.
A jigsaw is the power tool to use when you need to cut wood or metal into a distinctive form or design. Jigsaws are also ideal for domestic use since they can be used to carve pumpkins, cut bevels for your DIY project, and so much more!
4. Nail Gun
Nail guns, often known as nailers, are equipment that is used to drive nails into wood or other materials. However, there are several different instruments that may achieve the same function, including a hand-held hammer.
So, what distinguishes a nail gun from the rest? Nail guns are employed in situations when basic instruments, such as a hand-held hammer, fail to penetrate an item.
5. Side Grinder
Side grinders, also known as angle grinders or disc grinders, are portable power tools that are used to cut, grind, and polish metal and non-metal materials. These tools need the use of a pressurized tool, a gasoline engine, or an electric motor.
They come in corded and cordless versions and may be used to cut and smooth off rough edges and materials such as stone, metal, and wood.
6. Wall Chaser
A wall chaser is a specialized tool designed for cutting grooves/channels into walls so that electrical pipes or wiring can easily be installed. They are powered by an electric motor which puts discs into motion. Since they are hand-held, they provide versatility to the user. This makes it easier to get into packed wall spaces that are hard to reach otherwise.
Some of the common applications of a wall chaser include:
- Cutting grooves
- Laying an electrical table
- Inserting channels into masonry walls
- Installing pipes into walls
Investing in the correct types of power tools for your house will help you complete chores and projects more effectively while saving not only money but also time. Furthermore, you will be able to fix small concerns that do not want the assistance of a professional.