Whether you are a fan of DIY projects or you do your electrical and decor work by yourself, drill machines are an indispensable tool in the toolbox of both home improvement enthusiasts and trade experts.
From boring holes to loosening or tightening fasteners, and even chisel away materials can all be accomplished with the suitable type of drill. So now you might be wondering how many different types of drill machines are there?
This article covers everything that you need to know about different types of drilling machines.
Different Parts of a Drilling Machine
Although there are many different types of drilling machines, the components of a drilling machine are more-or-less similar. In order to understand the working mechanism of drilling machines, we must first take a look at the various components that make up a drilling machine:
- Swivel Table
- Power system
Working Mechanism of a Drilling Machine
When the motor is turned on, the spindle revolves, and the stepped pulley connected to it similarly turns. But at the other end, another stepped pulley is linked and can be reversed to raise or reduce the rotational motion’s velocity.
A V-belt is now installed between both the stepped pulleys to operate the transmission of power. In this case, a V-belt is employed rather than a flat belt to boost performance and efficiency.
Now the drill bit, which was in the chuck and was connected to the spindle, also revolves. As the Pulleys turn, the spindle also spins which can spin the drill bit.
Now, by rotating the hand-wheel, the spindle rises and falls in the vertical position to provide the required quantity of feed to the job, and so this drill bit is then used to make the openings in the piece in the machine vice.
Different Types of Drilling Machines
Now coming to the most important question- what are the different types of drilling machines? Depending on the function, nature, and material of the workpiece, drilling machines are of various types.
Some of the most common types of drilling machines are:
- Automatic drilling machine
- Bench drilling machine
- Deep hole drilling machine
- Gang drilling machine
- Multiple Spindle drilling machine
- Pillar drilling machine
- Portable drilling machine
- Radial drilling machine
Let’s take a look at each of these different types of drilling machines.
1. Automatic Drilling Machine
Want to drill holes in a given surface with ease? The autonomous drilling machine features an extraordinarily big, stable column that can travel at a high speed of approximately 60 meters per minute without distortion.
Simply set the component to be machined on the surface of an automatic drilling machine, and the machine will automatically perform feeding, positioning, clamping, tapping, and unloading.
With the high level of automation, numerous automatic drilling machines may be handled by a single operator at the same time, increasing production efficiency and greatly lowering labor costs.
2. Bench Drilling Machine
If a project requires drilling holes on either wood or metal, the bench drilling machine will be a perfect choice!
This is a bench drill machine for drilling holes in wood or metal. Boring, reaming, and taping are also available as cutting processes. This drilling machine can drill holes up to 12.5 millimeters in diameter in steel. It is also commonly utilized by crafters and manufacturers.
Because of the advantages that this equipment provides, it is also known as a sensitive drilling machine.
3. Deep Hole Drilling Machine
A deep hole drilling machine is a machine tool for cutting metal. It can drill very deep, precise holes into almost any metal. Deep hole drilling machines allow specific equipment to be used to optimize the deep hole drilling process for manufacturers.
This type of drilling machine is mostly used to drill deeper holes in various elements such as spindles, barrels, connecting rods, and some oil-well drilling equipment.
4. Gang Drilling Machine
A gang drill machine is a drilling machine with multiple columns. This type of drilling machine features multiple drill columns and heads installed on a single table.
It is mostly used for drilling multiple holes in a workpiece at the same time. This machine can conduct a variety of machining operations such as counter drilling, tapping, drilling, and reaming.
5. Multiple Spindle Drilling Machine
This type of drilling machine is also considered a special-purpose tool. It has a drill head made up of many spindles and is powered by a single motor. It is often used to drill many holes at once.
The primary goal of the multi-spindle drilling machine is to enhance production while decreasing operation time.
6. Pillar Drilling Machine
A pillar drill machine, often described as an upright drilling machine, is high-tech drill equipment used to make 20 millimeters to 40 millimeters holes in metal and wood. It resembles a bench drill machine but has a much more powerful engine and more drilling capacity than a bench drilling machine.
Professional woodworkers and manufacturing companies are the primary users of this machine. Pillar drilling machines can be used for batch manufacturing, reaming, drilling, spot-facing machining, and tapping screws.
7. Portable Drilling Machine
A portable drilling machine is a smaller, hand-operated power drill that is primarily used for producing small holes up to 12 millimeters in any place in an object. It has the ability to drill a hole through plastic, wood, concrete, and metal. Portable drill machines are utilized by woodworkers, homeowners, plumbers, electricians, and industrial employees because of their small size and portability.
8. Radial Drilling Machine
The objective of the Radial Drilling Machine is to drill holes in the provided radial distance, and it will be utilized when the object size is considerable in terms of height.
When the component is huge, its structure cannot be accommodated in the Machine vice. As a result, the component must be put on the surface and the drilling machine’s radial arm must be turned in relation to the component to perform the operation.
Although there are various types of drill bits, the one for the radial drilling machine has an angle of 118 degrees.
Drills come in a variety of sizes and shapes. We hope that this simple guide has explained all you need to know about the different types of drilling machines and will assist you in deciding which type is ideal for you. Before you buy a drilling machine, make sure you analyze your future drilling priorities to help narrow down your options.
Types Of Drilling Machines FAQs:
1. How many types of drill machines are there?
1. Automatic drilling machine
2. Bench drilling machine
3. Deep hole drilling machine
4. Gang drilling machine
5. Multiple Spindle drilling machine
6. Pillar drilling machine
7. Portable drilling machine
8. Radial drilling machine